Thursday, December 6, 2012

Transform your body: phase II - make a plan

In the previous post I discussed the important step of making clear goals. This post will deal with how to make a plan that will achieve your desired goals. The question you must answer first is: do you want to be a sugar-burner or a fat-burner?

[A|2012/12/07] - Removed almond butter from recommended fats. Added peanuts, almonds, cashews to fats to avoid due to high Omega-6 and phytic acid content.
[B] - Debunked standard assumption that it takes 3500kcal to burn 1lb of weight.
[C|2012/12/10] - Added section on why sugar burners are always hungry.
[D] - Edited Axiom 3.


  1. Your body can use three different fuels; fat, glucose and keytones.
    1. fat is the preferred fuel for aerobic (i.e. low exertion) activity and provides ~9kcal/g
    2. glucose is the preferred fuel for anaerobic (i.e. high exertion) activity and provides ~4kcal/g
    3. the brain can use glucose or keytones for proper function
  2. There are two sources of fuel; internal (i.e. endogenous) and dietary (i.e. exogenous).
    1. gluconeogenesis is an endogenous process which uses fats and proteins to produce glucose and keytones
    2. ketosis is an endogenous process that allows the brain to run primarily on ketones and lower glucose levels
  3. There are two hormones that control storage fuel into/out of the cells; insulin (storage input) and glucagon (extraction).
    1. carbohydrate raises insulin, protein raises insulin and glucagon, fat has little effect
    2. if insulin > glucagon --> fuel into cells
    3. if glucagon > insulin --> fuel out of storage
    4. [D]insulin can direct fuel into cells for immediate or for later use (storage)
  4. Fuel has three primary storage sites; muscle, liver and fat cells.
    1. glycogen (i.e. stored glucose) is stored in muscle and liver cells
    2. triglyceride (i.e. stored fat) is stored in fat cells (i.e. adipocytes)
    3. glycogen storage is limited to ~400-500g
    4. triglyceride storage is dependent upon the # fat cells you have
    5. **it is possible for glucose to be stored in fat cells and vice versa**
  5.  Water is required to store fuel.
    1. 3g of glycogen : 7g of water (i.e. 9g:21g)
    2. 9g of triglyceride : 1g of water